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Title: INDUSTRIALIZATION, THE MAIN FACTOR OF SHORTAGE AND POLLUTION IN THE KAROON RIVER, SW IRAN

Author: Ali Hossain Jalilian, Hamid Reza Majedi

Year: 2009

Publisher: European Water Resources Association (EWRA)

Description:

Karoon is the largest river in Iran, Which covers about 30 percent of the entire surface water resources of the country. This waterway originates from the central parts of the Zagros Mountains (SW Iran) and after 890 km journey joins the Persian Gulf. This river system supplies the water demands of 16 cities, several villages, 300000 hectares of agricultural lands and several hydropower plants. Meanwhile, the Karoon River plays a key role in development of the region, where the ancient civilizations of Iran flourished and bricked up about 4000 years ago. Unfortunately, in recent decades inter-basin water transfer and repeated sever periods of drought along with an unsatisfied demand for water due to overpopulation and industrialization have resulted in considerable decrease in flow discharge of the river. Furthermore, the discharge of untreated urban wastewater and industrial effluent, the drainage from agricultural lands, and the uncontrolled discharge of solid wastes directly into the Karoon River and its tributaries have considerably degraded the water quality of the river. These have caused a gloomy future for numerous industries and more than four million inhabitants of the region. Therefore, the related organizations and all of the water users altogether are required to design some applicable policies for reforming this unfavourable conditions and deliverance the river.