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Title: PLANNING FLOOD RISK REDUCING MEASURES BASED ON COMBINED HYDRAULIC AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT MODELLING AT A MICRO-SCALE

Author: J. Ernst, I, Coninx, B.J. Dewals, S. Detrembleur, S. Erpicum, K. Bachus, M. Pirotton

Year: 2009

Publisher: European Water Resources Association (EWRA)

Description:

Risk management is currently shifting from the full protection against flooding towards the management of the consequences of flooding. To reduce these consequences, micro-scale analysis is compelled. In addition to the hydraulic modelling of the inundation flow, nearby land use and vulnerability of elementsat- risk are taken into consideration. This new approach requests an interdisciplinary collaboration of scientists from hydraulic and social science, as is the case for this paper. The research teams have developed a methodology to evaluate socio-economic consequences of flooding based on the analysis at the micro-scale of the flood characteristics, the exposure and the vulnerability of elements-at-risk and the adaptive capacity of society. The hydrodynamic
simulations are conducted by means of 2D flow modelling run on a highly accurate Digital Surface Model - DSM with a resolution of 2 by 2 meters. The twodimensional modelling provides high resolution flood maps detailing the distribution of water depth and flow velocity field in the floodplains, which constitute key inputs for the subsequent flood risk analysis. The methodology will be illustrated for a case study along River Ourthe, which is the main tributary of River Meuse in Belgium, for selecting and designing flood protection measure. The geographic data in this area are available at a resolution consistent with the conducted micro-scale risk analysis. They include data on social vulnerability coming from the most recent socio-economic national survey (NIS).