Publications Details
Publications Details



Author: T. Milgrom

Year: 2009

Publisher: European Water Resources Association (EWRA)


The implementation of Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) requires multidisciplinary information. The leading assumption is that socio-economic characteristics rely on and affect the implementation of water technologies, utilization and management plans. Analyzing the socio-economic profile of a given community in a defined region that is a client of water, which is supplied by local water resources, will allow better definition of the future water exploitation, utilization and management scenarios. The objective of this study is to delineate a
socio-economic profile of the Israeli localities within the hydrological basins of the Lower Jordan Rift Valley (LJRV), in the context of an IWRM framework. In addition, this profile also included information on water consumption and water that is supplied within the LJRV. The findings are based on literature review, interviews and statistical information data collected from the Central Bureau of Statistics in Israel (CBS) on population and economic census. The findings show that the socio-economic level of the population living in LJRV is ranked as medium to low. The population growth rate is much higher than the national average, and the age structure of the population pyramid shows slight differences from the national one. The reason for this is the demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the local population living in these frontier localities. Within the study area there are 33 localities with a population of 12,292 Jewish residents. The LJRV localities are mainly classified as agricultural cooperated rural localities, while industrial branches support the cultivation activities and market the
productions for export and for the local markets. The findings show that agriculture was and still is the main water consumer. The area is intensively used in irrigated agriculture. Water is drawn from the Jordan River, numerous springs and wells penetrating the water bearing layers of the Mountain aquifer. The Domestic effluents which are generated by the small localities are treated in local wastewater plants. Treated waste water is supplied to the agricultural consumers, and it is used mainly for irrigating palm trees. Irrigation of palm trees with this type of water enables allocation of fresh water to other crops, or for domestic uses. However, water scarcity due to semi-arid and arid climate, the growing consumption, and the water quality are the bottle-neck for the development of growing population. Furthermore, this fringe region has no upcoming future water demand and supply plan. Due to the anticipated increase in tourism, agriculture and domestic water use in the near future, economic growth and viability are linked to the preservation and the increase in sustainable water sources.