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Title: A BURIED SALT BODY AS A SOURCE FOR GROUNDWATER SALINATION, KINNAROT BASIN, JORDAN RIFT VALLEY, ISRAEL

Author: N. Inbar, H. Shulman, A. Flexer and A. Yellin-Dror

Year: 2009

Publisher: European Water Resources Association (EWRA)

Description:

The Kinnarot Basin located south of the Sea of Galilee bordering Jordan to the east and Israel to the west. The basin comprises a link in the chain of pull-apart basins that characterize the long dislocation line known as the Dead Sea-Jordan Rift Valley. The basin floor is about -200 m below the msl and the shoulders attain an altitude of a few hundreds meters above. Both margins are built of Cretaceous to Neogene sediments interbedded with mostly Pliocene volcanic flows. The sedimentary fill of the basin, down to the Cretaceous rocks attains a thickness of
5-6 Km whereas 4.2 Km have been drilled by a deep oil well Zemah 1. The drillhole penetrated outstanding thick succession of salt and igneous rocks. The fault system associated with the rift margins brings fresh water aquifers on both sides to juxtapose salt layers in the rift itself. There is a severe concern to loose huge quantities of water as a result of salination. An early fresh water excavation on the shoulders might prevent the deterioration.